Understanding Contextual Learning
Contextual Learning (Contextual Teaching and Learning / CTL) is a holistic educational process and aims to motivate students to understand the meaning of the subject matter they learn by linking the material to the context of their daily lives (personal, social, and cultural context) so that students have knowledge / skills that can be flexibly applied (transferred) from one problem / context to another problem / context.
CTL is a learning concept where the teacher presents real-world situations to the classroom and encourages students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their lives as family members and the community. With this concept, learning outcomes are expected to be more meaningful for students
The learning process takes place more naturally in the form of activities students work and experience, not the transfer of knowledge from teacher to student.
Contextual learning of education with a constructivism approach is seen as one of the strategies that meets the principles of competency-based learning (According from Love Literature of Education). With five contextual learning strategies (contextual teaching and learning), namely relating, experiencing, applying, cooperating, and transferrini, it is expected that students will be able to achieve competence optimally.
In contextual classrooms, the teacher’s job is to help students achieve their goals. The teacher has more to do with strategy than giving information.
The task of the teacher is managing the class as a team that works together to find something new for class members (students). Something that just came from self-discovery is not from what the teacher said. That is the role of the teacher in the class that is managed with a contextual approach.
Contextual learning (Contextual Teaching and Learning) is a learning concept that helps teachers link material taught with real-world situations of students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their daily lives, involving seven components The main effective defenses, namely: constructivism (constructivism), asking (questioning), finding (inquiry), learning communities (learning community), modeling (modeling), and actual assessment (authentic assessment).
According to the Ministry of National Education (2003: 5) states: “Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) is a learning concept that helps teachers link material taught with real-world situations and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their daily lives, involving seven main components of effective learning, namely: constructivism (constructivism), asking (Questioning), finding (Inquiry), learning communities (Learning Community), modeling (Modeling), reflection (reflection) and actual assessment (Authentic Assessment). ”
So, contextual approach is a learning concept that links the subject matter with its application in everyday life.
Students are required to find and develop new knowledge and skills in accordance with the knowledge they have. Thus, students will better understand and interpret that knowledge.
Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) is a learning approach that links learning material with real-world situations of students, with contextual approaches it is hoped that learning outcomes can be more meaningful for students, so students can apply their learning outcomes in their lives in the long term.
Contextual learning approaches prioritize student activities in learning so students can find concepts about learning material and relate these concepts to their real world situations.
As stated by Elaine B. Johnson that the strength, speed, and intelligence of the brain (IQ) cannot be separated from environmental factors or context factors, because there is an interface between the brain and the environment.
The contextual learning approach encourages students to always be active in finding concepts and linking the experiences of students with the material being studied. This is consistent with “spiral learning” as a consequence of J. Bruner’s proposition.
In mathematics, for example, each concept is interrelated with other concepts, and a concept becomes a prerequisite for other concepts. So students must be given more opportunities to make these connections.
Contextual Teaching and Learning is a holistic educational process and aims to motivate students. This learning is used to understand the meaning of the subject matter being studied in the context of students’ daily lives (personal, social, and cultural context), so students have knowledge that can be flexibly applied from one context to another.
With a contextual learning approach students will gain knowledge and skills as a provision to solve life’s problems in the community. Students are the generation prepared to face and solve problems in the future so they need to be trained from now on.
According to S. Nasution problem solving is a learning method that requires students to find the answer (discovery) without special assistance. Problems that are solved, found alone without special assistance will give results that are superior to solving problems that get special assistance.
Thus the contextual learning approach to learning is learning that encourages students to find concepts and associate the concepts learned with their experiences as prerequisite knowledge to build new concepts.
With a contextual learning approach learning will become more meaningful and students can apply the concepts learned with their real life to solve life problems in their environment.
Understanding Contextual Learning