Group Counseling Services in Psychology Learning
One type of guidance and counseling service implemented at school is group guidance services. Group guidance is a service that is carried out in a group atmosphere by utilizing group dynamics that cover all areas of guidance (Mugiarso, 2007: 69). Meanwhile, according to Prayitno and Amti (2004: 309) group guidance is a guidance service provided in a group setting. So that with the implementation of group guidance services, students can gain experience, knowledge and information related to students’ social behavior at school.
According to Gazda, as quoted by Prayitno (2004: 309 on Knowledge Program), that group guidance in schools is an information activity to a group of students to help them draw up the right decision plan. Group guidance has a unique value, because this service utilizes dynamics within the group during the service process.
Meanwhile, according to Prayitno (1995: 62) group guidance means utilizing dynamics to achieve guidance and counseling goals.
Group guidance is more an effort to guide individuals through groups. The reason why using a group guidance service is because it cannot be denied, the influence of peers on a child is so high. In fact, it is often higher than the influence of his parents or teachers (Mifzal, 2012: 20).
Through the provision of group guidance services students are directed to participate in group discussion activities. Because group guidance is a means to support the optimal development of each student. Group guidance services prioritize the development of communication and socialization skills.
Communication and socialization skills are very important for students to have an active attitude and to be able to communicate and socialize well. Group guidance contains elements of group dynamics or group life. Through intensive group dynamics, the discussion of topics in depth will encourage the development of feelings, thoughts, perceptions, insights, activeness and attitudes that support the realization of more effective behavior, students as group members interact with each other, expressing their opinions discussing existing topics in group guidance so that the activeness of students is needed in carrying out group guidance activities.
Through activeness group guidance services students can be nurtured and developed. With group guidance services it is hoped that students can participate in discussions well. The underlying reason students experience difficulties in group discussions is due to a lack of ability to communicate and socialize.
B. Group Guidance
Guidance and counseling is an assistance service for students, both individually and in groups, to be able to be independent and develop optimally, in the areas of personal life development, social life, learning life, and career planning, through various types of support services and activities, based on norms prevailing norms. There are nine guidance and counseling services provided to individuals in schools that support and help optimize students’ personalities.
The nine guidance and counseling services available at the school consist of orientation services, information services, placement and distribution services, content acquisition services, individual counseling services, group guidance services, group counseling services, consulting services, and mediation services. Regarding guidance and counseling services, specifically this paper discusses group guidance services.
1. Definition of Group Guidance
Group guidance is a guidance technique that seeks to help individuals to achieve optimal development in accordance with the abilities, talents, interests, and values that are adopted and implemented in group situations. Group guidance is intended to prevent problems arising in students and develop students’ self potential (Romlah, 2001: 3). Winkel & Hastuti (2004: 547), explained that group guidance is a discussion group activity that supports the personal and social development of each individual in the group, and improves the quality of cooperation within the group for a variety of purposes that are meaningful to participants.
Group guidance attempts to change attitudes in behavior indirectly, through the delivery of information that emphasizes cognitive processing by participants so that they can apply themselves a cognitive processing of information given to group members (Winkel, 2004: 543).
Group guidance can be interpreted as a guidance effort made through situations, processes and group activities. The target of group guidance is individuals in the group so that individuals who are given guidance get self-understanding, self-acceptance, self-direction and self-realization in the direction of optimal development (Sedanayasa et al. 2010: 30). Meanwhile, according to Sukardi (2002: 48), group guidance is a guidance service that allows a number of students to jointly obtain various materials from certain resource persons (mentors or counselors) that are useful for supporting daily life both as individuals and students, family members , and the community and for consideration in making decisions.
Teacher professionalism must be supported by several factors including: 1) Attitude of high dedication to the task, 2) Attitude of commitment to the quality of processes and work results and 3) Attitude of continuous improvement, which is always trying to improve and update its work methods, in accordance with the demands era based on a high awareness that the task of educating is the task of preparing the next generation who will live in the future (2003: 209).
Group guidance services are intended to enable students to jointly obtain various materials from resource persons (especially supervisors) that are useful for daily life both as individuals and as students, family members and the community (Sukardi in Romlah, 2001: 48).
Group guidance is a guidance service provided in a group setting (Prayitno, 2004: 309). Group guidance is a guidance and counseling service provided to individuals to discuss issues or general topics widely and in depth that are beneficial to group members (Mungin, 2005: 38). Whereas Amti (1991) states that group guidance which means a simple pattern is intended as guidance given to a group of individuals who experience the same problem.
From some of the experts’ understanding above, it can be concluded that group guidance is one of the guidance and counseling services provided to students in the form of groups to discuss general problems or topics or experience the same problems broadly and deeply that is beneficial to group members.
Confirming this opinion, Prayitno said that:
Group guidance is an activity carried out by a group of people by utilizing group dynamics. That is, all participants in group activities interact with each other, free to express opinions, respond, give advice, and so on; what was discussed were all beneficial for the participants concerned themselves and for other participants (Prayitno, 1995: 178).
Group guidance is a group activity where the group leader provides information and directs the discussion so that group members become more social or to help group members achieve common goals “(Mungin, 1995: 17).
Based on some of the above understanding, it can be concluded that group guidance is one of the guidance and counseling services provided to a number of individuals in the form of groups by utilizing group dynamics to discuss specific topics led by group leaders aimed at supporting understanding, development and consideration of decision making or individual actions.
Group Counseling Services in Psychology Learning