Understanding of the Learning Model Contextual Approach

Understanding of the Learning Model Contextual Approach
Understanding of the Learning Model Contextual Approach (Contextual Teaching and Learning CTL). This learning method is a learning concept that helps teachers to connect material taught with real-world situations of students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their lives as family members and the community. The contextual learning model is not exclusive but can be combined with other learning models, for example: inventions, process skills, experiments, demonstrations, discussions, and others. The following is an explanation of the understanding of the Contextual Teaching and Learning Model CTL,
Characteristics, and Components of the Contextual Learning Model Approach.
Definition of Learning Contextual Approach
Understanding contextual learning (contextual teaching and learning on Tulus Hermawan Information) is a learning concept that helps teachers link material taught with real-world situations of students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their daily lives, involving seven main components of contextual learning , namely: constructivism (constructivism), asking (questioning), inquiry (inquiry), learning community (learning community), modeling (modeling), and authentic assessment (authentic assessment).
In general contextual learning is learning that begins with a presentation or oral question and answer (friendly, open, negotiating) related to the real world of student life (daily life modeling), so that it will feel the benefits of the material to be presented, the emergence of learning motivation, the world of mind students become concrete, and the atmosphere becomes conducive, comfortable and pleasant. The principle of contextual learning is student activity, students who do and experience, not only watch and take notes, and develop socialization skills.
Characteristics of the Learning Model Contextual Approach
Learning carried out using contextual methods has the following characteristics: Learning is carried out in an authentic context, meaning learning is directed so that students have the skills in solving real problems faced. Learning provides opportunities for students to work on meaningful assignments. Learning is carried out by providing meaningful experiences to students. Learning is carried out through group work, discussion, and mutual correction. Togetherness, collaboration, and mutual understanding with each other in depth is a fun learning aspect. Learning is carried out actively, creatively, productively and fosters cooperation. Learning is carried out in a fun way.
Component Approach to the Contextual Learning Model. In applying the CTL learning model, there are seven components of the CTL approach, namely:
Constructivism. is the process of building or compiling new knowledge in students’ cognitive structures based on experience. According to constructivism, the experience originates from outside, but is constructed by and from within a person. Therefore, experience is formed by two important factors namely the object that is being observed and the ability of the subject to interpret the object.
Inquiry is a learning process based on search and discovery through a systematic thought process.
The inquiry process is carried out in several steps: Formulating the problem, Proposing a hypothesis, Collecting data, Testing a hypothesis based on the data found and Making conclusions.
Question and answer. Learning is essentially about asking and answering questions. Asking questions can be seen as a reflection of the curiosity of each individual, while answering questions reflects one’s ability to think. Educator questions are used to give students the opportunity to think critically and evaluate students ‘thinking, while students’ questions are a form of curiosity.
Learning Communities The concept of Learning Communities in CTL suggests that learning outcomes are obtained through collaboration with others. In CTL classes, this principle can be done by applying learning through study groups.
Modeling What is meant by the principle of modeling, is the learning process by demonstrating something as an example that can be emulated by every student.
For example, educators provide examples of how to pronounce a foreign sentence and so on
Reflection That is looking back or responding to an event, activity and experience that aims to identify things that are already known, and things that are not yet known so that an action can be made to improve.
Authentic Assessment Authentic assessment procedures that demonstrate real abilities (knowledge, attitude skills) of students. The emphasis of authentic assessment is on learning should help students to be able to learn something, not on obtaining information at the end of the period, learning progress is assessed not only on results but more on the process in various ways, assessing the knowledge and skills gained by students.