The idea of education based on local wisdom
The idea of local wisdom-based education began with an expression conveyed by Jhon Naisbit which was then responded to and developed by some social experts with the expression think globaly acts localy (think globally and act locally). The purpose of the phrase is, a person can take any experience and knowledge, from any ethnicity and any nation, but in its application in an action when someone is in a place, then he must adjust to the values and culture that is in that place.
With the existence of global knowledge, a person will be able to easily read and recognize a problem and solve it. Therefore one needs to be knowledgeable so that insights become relatively broad. However, in terms of education in general and teaching and learning in particular, an educator is not enough just to be knowledgeable and broad-minded, but to reflect the transfer of knolage (learning process) must also be accompanied by emotion skills (emotional ability) that is how an educator must be able to enter the world where the students are (Tania Knowledge).
In the problem above, there is one thing to remember: yaitu a student who comes to a class in a school is not like an empty glass, but they have brought knowledge and habits from where he lives.
In other words, the environment which is the residence of one anal student, is different from the environment where another student lives.
Thus it is certain that their social and economic status must also vary. Likewise in the local community, in a local community that one, will certainly be different from other local communities. That is why in the world there is a slogan, the meaning of the slogan is that even though we come from different ethnic groups and different cultures, we have a unity.
From the words of the motto mentioned above it can be concluded that the state does already have a lot of local people who of course have different cultural diversity.
Therefore it is of course that the American state actually has a cultural wealth that can certainly give a color and style that can be developed into a national character.
Local wisdom-based education is actually a form of reflection and realization of the Government Regulation on National Education Standards, namely the article explaining that the education unit level curriculum, or other forms of equal development are developed in accordance with the education unit, regional potential, socio-culture, and students.
Local wisdom is a broad and comprehensive phenomenon.
The scope of local wisdom is quite numerous and varied so that it is difficult to be limited by space. Traditional wisdom and wisdom are now different from local wisdom. Local wisdom places more emphasis on the place and locality of the wisdom so that it does not have to be a wisdom that has been passed down from generation to generation.
Local wisdom can be wisdom that has recently emerged in a community as a result of its interaction with the natural environment and its interactions with other communities and cultures.
Therefore, local wisdom is not always traditional because it can encompass present-day wisdom, and because it can also be broader in meaning than traditional wisdom. To distinguish local wisdom that has just emerged from local wisdom that has long been known by the community, the term wisdom can be used now, new wisdom, or contemporary wisdom. Traditional wisdom can be called first wisdom or old wisdom.
Based on the time of appearance above, wisdom will come in various categories. There are at least two types of local wisdom, namely: (a) classical, old, traditional, and (b) new local wisdom, contemporary, contemporary.
This category includes various things and is very fluid in form. That is, the old and new terms often change.
In terms of its basic philosophy, wisdom can be categorized in two aspects, namely: (a) ideas, thoughts, intellectual minds that are abstract, and (b) local wisdom in the form of concrete things, can be seen. Local wisdom category (a) includes a variety of knowledge, views, values and practices of a community both obtained from previous generations of the community and those obtained by the community today, which are not from previous generations, but from various experiences in the present, including from contact with other communities or cultures. Local wisdom category (b) is usually in the form of artifact objects, which adorn human life, and have symbolic meaning.
The idea of education based on local wisdom