Agriculture is the activity of utilizing biological resources

Agriculture is the activity of utilizing biological resources
Agriculture is the activity of utilizing biological resources carried out by humans to produce food, industrial raw materials, or energy sources, as well as to manage their environment. The activities of utilizing biological resources included in agriculture are commonly understood by people as plant cultivation or farming (English: crop cultivation) and raising livestock, although their scope can also be in the use of microorganisms and bioenzymes in processing advanced products, such as making cheese and tempeh, or merely extraction, such as fishing or forest exploitation.
The majority of the world’s population earns a living in fields within agriculture, but agriculture only accounts for 4% of world GDP. History of Agriculture since the colonial period until now can not be separated from the agricultural and plantation sectors (Blog Papers Information), because these sectors have a very important meaning in determining the formation of various economic and social realities of people in various areas of Agriculture.
Based on 2018 data, agriculture in agriculture provides employment for around 44.3% of the population although it only accounts for around 17.3% of total gross domestic income. The agricultural science group studies agriculture with the support of its supporting sciences. The essence of agricultural sciences is biology and economics. Because agriculture is always bound by time and space, supporting sciences, such as soil science, meteorology, agricultural machinery, biochemistry, and statistics, are also studied in agriculture. Farming (farming) is a core part of agriculture because it involves a set of activities carried out in aquaculture.
Farmers are the names of those who run farming, for example “tobacco farmers” or “fish farmers”. The perpetrators of livestock farming (livestock) are specifically referred to as breeders. Agriculture in a broad sense includes all activities that involve the use of living things (including plants, animals, and microbes) for the benefit of humans. In a narrow sense, agriculture is also defined as the activity of utilizing a plot of land to cultivate certain types of plants, especially those that are seasonal. Agricultural business is given a special name for the subject of certain farming. Forestry is a farming business with the subject of plants (usually trees) and is cultivated on semi-wild or wild land (forest). Animal husbandry uses the subject of dry land animals (especially all vertebrates except fish and amphibians) or insects (eg bees).
Fisheries have a subject of aquatic animals (including amphibians and all non-aquatic vertebrates). An agricultural business can involve these various subjects together for reasons of efficiency and increased profits. Consideration of environmental sustainability results in aspects of conserving natural resources also become a part of agricultural business. All agricultural businesses are basically economic activities that require the same basic knowledge of business place management, seed selection, cultivation methods, product collection, product distribution, product processing and packaging, and marketing. If a farmer views all of these aspects with consideration of efficiency in order to achieve maximum profit, he is engaged in intensive farming. Agricultural business which is seen in this way is known as agribusiness.
Programs and policies that direct agricultural businesses to such perspectives are known as intensification. Because industrial agriculture always implements intensive agriculture, the two are often equated. The opposite side of industrial agriculture is sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture, also known by its variations such as organic agriculture or permaculture, includes aspects of the sustainability of land carrying capacity as well as the environment and local knowledge as important factors in calculating its efficiency.
As a result, sustainable agriculture usually produces lower returns than industrial agriculture. Today’s modern agriculture usually implements some of the components of the two “ideological” poles of agriculture mentioned above. In addition to both, also known forms of extensive agriculture (low input agriculture) which in the most extreme and traditional forms will be subsistence farming, which is only done without business motives and solely to meet the needs of themselves or their communities.
As a business, agriculture has two important characteristics: it always involves goods in large volumes and the production process has a relatively high risk. These two characteristics arise because agriculture involves living things in one or several stages and requires space for the activity and a certain period of time in the production process. Some forms of modern agriculture (for example algae cultivation, hydroponics) have been able to reduce these characteristics but most of the world’s agricultural businesses still remain that way.