Study the relationship between forests and humans
Forestry Sciences is the sciences that discuss various matters relating to the management, development and conservation of forests in a sustainable manner. Forests have a close relationship with human problems and community interests. For this reason, it is necessary to study the sciences relating to forestry.
The existing forest is a renewable natural resource that directly or indirectly influences national development. Focused studies need to be conducted to prevent unwanted losses.
Forestry Sciences Arboriculture
Some sciences related to forestry include (According to Webmuara Info Education Paper):
1. Forest Land Science
This knowledge is very much needed in studying the state of the forest floor, where litter, which is organic waste in the form of piles of dry leaves, drying, and various other vegetation residues on the forest floor that has dried and changed from its original color, is an important part of tree life and soil fertility.
This science is a combination of taxonomy, ecology and geology which must recognize trees with their characteristics and give names and classify with the help of the science of morphology in interpreting their shapes and structures.
3. Forest Ecology
This science is similar to the science of silvika which studies vegetation and its environment on the influence of plant shapes and structures. Silvika studies environmental factors for limited plant species and ecology studies forests in their entirety.
This science is similar or equivalent to the science of forest ecology. Because silvika is a branch of ecology that studies the life of trees in the forest and the history of life and the general characteristics of trees and stands for environmental factors. So, silvika is the study of the history of life and the general characteristics of trees and forest stands in relation to environmental factors.
Silvicists view forests as a complex form composed of vegetation units associated with different habitat factors. A silvika expert will always connect forest vegetation with its influence on the environment. Forest as a whole is influenced by environmental factors that create a quality place to grow from the productive capacity of the forest area.
It is a science and art of producing and maintaining forests by using silvika knowledge to treat forests and control their composition and growth. Silviculture is analogous to agronomy and horticulture in agriculture because it discusses ways to cultivate plants. Silviculture is divided into two parts, namely silvica and silviculture, in which silvica is the theoretical basis and silviculture is implemented in the field. Such a tree will be able to live and develop if it is planted in a chosen site and must be planted vegetatively or generatively.
6. Wood Measurement
It is a study of the mass of standing wood and the amount of wood that can be cut down, so that it does not endanger the principle of sustainability.
It is a science to find out the potential of the forest in question and its various economic, environmental and social functions and the value of its resources as a good and sustainable forest planning.
8. Interpretation of Aerial Portraits
A particular science that collects important data for forest inventory and planning. From this survey a rough picture of the condition and distribution of each type of vegetation can be obtained, especially the distribution and extent of the forest, its stand mass or density, and estimates of important plant species.
9. Watershed Management
A science that studies the benefits of forests related to the micro and macro properties of wood such as defects, physical characteristics, and chemical chemistry.
One type of environment that we must preserve is forest. Forest is a very important environment because of its many benefits such as holding water, natural shelter, and others.
definition of forest and forestry definitions with examples of forest types.
Forest also has many types, where the forest type is divided into three parts which are distinguished depending on the composition of the tree species, the geographical location of the forest, and also the climate that influences the forest area.
Then we also hear the term forestry as a basis for understanding forest. Actually, what is the meaning of forest and forestry itself? In the following, I will discuss the full definition and definition of forests and forestry and their benefits.
In general, the forest is a place that has various types of dense plants including trees, grass, bushes, mushrooms, ferns, etc. that occupy a very wide area.
The function of forests in general is as a habitat for animals or plants, a place to recycle carbon dioxide (carbon dioxide sink), hydrological current modulator, and the best place for soil preservation and forests are one of the most important elements of the environment.