Explanation of Changes in the Definition of Learning

Explanation of changes in the definition of learning
Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior or potential behavior as a result of reinforced experience or practice. Learning is due to the interaction between stimulus and response. Someone is considered to have learned something if he can show changes in behavior. According to this theory important learning is input in the form of stimulus and output in the form of response.
Stimulus is anything that is given by the teacher to students, while the response in the form of a reaction or the response of students to the stimulus provided by the teacher.
The process that occurs between stimulus and response is not important to note because it can not be observed and can not be measured, which can be observed is the stimulus and response, therefore what is given by the teacher (stimulus) and what is received by students (response) must be able to observed and measured.

Explanation of changes in the definition of learning
According from Tulus Hermawan Journals on “Publikasi Ilmiah Jurnal Internasional“, Changes due to learning can occur in various forms of behavior, from the cognitive, affective, and / or psychomotor domains. Not limited to only the addition of knowledge.
The nature of the change is relatively permanent, it will not return to its original state. Cannot be applied to changes due to momentary situations, such as changes due to fatigue, illness, motion sickness, and so on.
The process of behavior change is stated in the form of mastery, use, and assessment of attitudes and values of knowledge contained in various fields of study or more broadly in various aspects of life
The change does not have to directly follow the learning experience. Immediate change is generally not in the form of behavior, but mainly only in a person’s potential to behave.
Change occurs due to an experience, practice or practice. It is different from the changes that occur imm
ediately because of reflexes or instinctive behavior.
Change will be easier if it is accompanied by an amplifier, in the form of a reward received – a gift or punishment – as a consequence of the change in behavior.
The process of change in learning towards goals that are better and more beneficial for themselves and others.
a feeling of pride in being able to understand and comprehend what is learned.
Four stages of learning, There are four stages of human learning, namely: Unconscious competence, that is not knowing that he does not know. Incompetence is conscious, which is knowing that it does not know.
Competence is aware, that is knowing that it does not know. Subconscious competence, that is knowing that he knows. Unconscious competence
Conditions when we do not know if it turns out we do not know. An example is the state of mind of many young drivers when they start learning to drive. That is why young drivers experience more accidents than older and experienced drivers. They cannot (or do not want to) acknowledge their limited knowledge, skills and experience. People in this situation are more likely to take risks, expose themselves to danger or loss, for a simple reason they don’t realize at all that that’s what they are doing.
Conscious incompetence, Self-recognition that we do not know what we can do, and full acceptance of our ignorance.
Competence is aware, When we begin to have expertise on a subject, but our actions have not been automatic. In learning this, we must carry out all actions on a conscious level. When learning to drive, for example, we must consciously know where our hands and feet are, thinking in every decision we make whether to brake, turn, or change gears. When we do it, we think consciously about how to do it.
At this stage, our reactions are much slower than those of the experts.
Subconscious competence, Stages of an expert who just do it, and may not even know how he did it in detail. He knows what he is doing, in other words, there is something he is doing in this life that to others seems risky but to him risk free. This happens because he has built experience and attained the competence that he was aware of in the activity for several years. He knows what he is doing, and he also knows what he cannot do. For someone who does not have the knowledge and experience, what he does seems risky.
There are fundamental differences between the words education with learning.
Basically, education has a broader meaning than learning. And, learning is part of an education.
There are several things that can show a difference between education and learning. That in simple terms, education is a conscious and deliberate effort to mature students by transferring values. While learning is a conscious and deliberate effort to mature students by transferring knowledge.
Basically, the difference between education and learning can be seen from the difference between the words teaching and educating. Teaching is giving knowledge or training skills (skills) to children. While educating is to form character and character of children.
So, with teaching, the teacher forms intelligence. And with education, teachers shape morality in children.
Teaching is a daily technical activity of a teacher. All teacher preparation for teaching is technical. The results can also be measured by verbalistic instrument of behavior change. Not all education is learning, on the contrary not all learning is education. The difference between educating and teaching is very thin, but it can be said simply that ‘good teaching is educating’. In other words, educating can use the teaching process as a means to achieve maximum results in achieving educational goals.

Understanding of the Learning Model Contextual Approach

Understanding of the Learning Model Contextual Approach
Understanding of the Learning Model Contextual Approach (Contextual Teaching and Learning CTL). This learning method is a learning concept that helps teachers to connect material taught with real-world situations of students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their lives as family members and the community. The contextual learning model is not exclusive but can be combined with other learning models, for example: inventions, process skills, experiments, demonstrations, discussions, and others. The following is an explanation of the understanding of the Contextual Teaching and Learning Model CTL,
Characteristics, and Components of the Contextual Learning Model Approach.
Definition of Learning Contextual Approach
Understanding contextual learning (contextual teaching and learning on Tulus Hermawan Information) is a learning concept that helps teachers link material taught with real-world situations of students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their daily lives, involving seven main components of contextual learning , namely: constructivism (constructivism), asking (questioning), inquiry (inquiry), learning community (learning community), modeling (modeling), and authentic assessment (authentic assessment).
In general contextual learning is learning that begins with a presentation or oral question and answer (friendly, open, negotiating) related to the real world of student life (daily life modeling), so that it will feel the benefits of the material to be presented, the emergence of learning motivation, the world of mind students become concrete, and the atmosphere becomes conducive, comfortable and pleasant. The principle of contextual learning is student activity, students who do and experience, not only watch and take notes, and develop socialization skills.
Characteristics of the Learning Model Contextual Approach
Learning carried out using contextual methods has the following characteristics: Learning is carried out in an authentic context, meaning learning is directed so that students have the skills in solving real problems faced. Learning provides opportunities for students to work on meaningful assignments. Learning is carried out by providing meaningful experiences to students. Learning is carried out through group work, discussion, and mutual correction. Togetherness, collaboration, and mutual understanding with each other in depth is a fun learning aspect. Learning is carried out actively, creatively, productively and fosters cooperation. Learning is carried out in a fun way.
Component Approach to the Contextual Learning Model. In applying the CTL learning model, there are seven components of the CTL approach, namely:
Constructivism. is the process of building or compiling new knowledge in students’ cognitive structures based on experience. According to constructivism, the experience originates from outside, but is constructed by and from within a person. Therefore, experience is formed by two important factors namely the object that is being observed and the ability of the subject to interpret the object.
Inquiry is a learning process based on search and discovery through a systematic thought process.
The inquiry process is carried out in several steps: Formulating the problem, Proposing a hypothesis, Collecting data, Testing a hypothesis based on the data found and Making conclusions.
Question and answer. Learning is essentially about asking and answering questions. Asking questions can be seen as a reflection of the curiosity of each individual, while answering questions reflects one’s ability to think. Educator questions are used to give students the opportunity to think critically and evaluate students ‘thinking, while students’ questions are a form of curiosity.
Learning Communities The concept of Learning Communities in CTL suggests that learning outcomes are obtained through collaboration with others. In CTL classes, this principle can be done by applying learning through study groups.
Modeling What is meant by the principle of modeling, is the learning process by demonstrating something as an example that can be emulated by every student.
For example, educators provide examples of how to pronounce a foreign sentence and so on
Reflection That is looking back or responding to an event, activity and experience that aims to identify things that are already known, and things that are not yet known so that an action can be made to improve.
Authentic Assessment Authentic assessment procedures that demonstrate real abilities (knowledge, attitude skills) of students. The emphasis of authentic assessment is on learning should help students to be able to learn something, not on obtaining information at the end of the period, learning progress is assessed not only on results but more on the process in various ways, assessing the knowledge and skills gained by students.

Understanding Contextual Learning

Understanding Contextual Learning
Contextual Learning (Contextual Teaching and Learning / CTL) is a holistic educational process and aims to motivate students to understand the meaning of the subject matter they learn by linking the material to the context of their daily lives (personal, social, and cultural context) so that students have knowledge / skills that can be flexibly applied (transferred) from one problem / context to another problem / context.
CTL is a learning concept where the teacher presents real-world situations to the classroom and encourages students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their lives as family members and the community. With this concept, learning outcomes are expected to be more meaningful for students
The learning process takes place more naturally in the form of activities students work and experience, not the transfer of knowledge from teacher to student.
Contextual learning of education with a constructivism approach is seen as one of the strategies that meets the principles of competency-based learning (According from Love Literature of Education). With five contextual learning strategies (contextual teaching and learning), namely relating, experiencing, applying, cooperating, and transferrini, it is expected that students will be able to achieve competence optimally.
In contextual classrooms, the teacher’s job is to help students achieve their goals. The teacher has more to do with strategy than giving information.
The task of the teacher is managing the class as a team that works together to find something new for class members (students). Something that just came from self-discovery is not from what the teacher said. That is the role of the teacher in the class that is managed with a contextual approach.
Contextual learning (Contextual Teaching and Learning) is a learning concept that helps teachers link material taught with real-world situations of students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their daily lives, involving seven components The main effective defenses, namely: constructivism (constructivism), asking (questioning), finding (inquiry), learning communities (learning community), modeling (modeling), and actual assessment (authentic assessment).
According to the Ministry of National Education (2003: 5) states: “Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) is a learning concept that helps teachers link material taught with real-world situations and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge they have and their application in their daily lives, involving seven main components of effective learning, namely: constructivism (constructivism), asking (Questioning), finding (Inquiry), learning communities (Learning Community), modeling (Modeling), reflection (reflection) and actual assessment (Authentic Assessment). ”
So, contextual approach is a learning concept that links the subject matter with its application in everyday life.
Students are required to find and develop new knowledge and skills in accordance with the knowledge they have. Thus, students will better understand and interpret that knowledge.
Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) is a learning approach that links learning material with real-world situations of students, with contextual approaches it is hoped that learning outcomes can be more meaningful for students, so students can apply their learning outcomes in their lives in the long term.
Contextual learning approaches prioritize student activities in learning so students can find concepts about learning material and relate these concepts to their real world situations.
As stated by Elaine B. Johnson that the strength, speed, and intelligence of the brain (IQ) cannot be separated from environmental factors or context factors, because there is an interface between the brain and the environment.
The contextual learning approach encourages students to always be active in finding concepts and linking the experiences of students with the material being studied. This is consistent with “spiral learning” as a consequence of J. Bruner’s proposition.
In mathematics, for example, each concept is interrelated with other concepts, and a concept becomes a prerequisite for other concepts. So students must be given more opportunities to make these connections.
Contextual Teaching and Learning is a holistic educational process and aims to motivate students. This learning is used to understand the meaning of the subject matter being studied in the context of students’ daily lives (personal, social, and cultural context), so students have knowledge that can be flexibly applied from one context to another.
With a contextual learning approach students will gain knowledge and skills as a provision to solve life’s problems in the community. Students are the generation prepared to face and solve problems in the future so they need to be trained from now on.
According to S. Nasution problem solving is a learning method that requires students to find the answer (discovery) without special assistance. Problems that are solved, found alone without special assistance will give results that are superior to solving problems that get special assistance.
Thus the contextual learning approach to learning is learning that encourages students to find concepts and associate the concepts learned with their experiences as prerequisite knowledge to build new concepts.
With a contextual learning approach learning will become more meaningful and students can apply the concepts learned with their real life to solve life problems in their environment.

From Acceptance to Publication of Your Journal Article

From acceptance to publication of your journal article
Here we tend to describe what happens to your article when acceptance, as well as the choice of getting your accepted manuscript created on the market inside twenty four hours, and also the proof checking stage. What we tend to do together with your article when acceptance, when acceptance, your article are print into our house vogue exploitation the supply files that you just have provided. This includes conversion of figure files and filler them to suit the journal templet. a symbol can then be created, that you may be asked to envision.
Most business enterprise journals supply the choice to create the Accepted Manuscript version on the market inside twenty four hours of acceptance. At now, you’ll be able to begin to push your paper to your peers (see the ‘After publication’ section for a lot of details) (Information from “Cara publikasi jurnal internasional“).
For more data on the ‘Accepted Manuscript’ method, and that of our journals supply this selection, please see our Accepted Manuscripts page.
Please note that, in exceptional circumstances, we tend to reserve the proper to withdraw a commentary at any time before business enterprise. Checking the proofs of your journal article, you may be contacted by email once the proof of your article is prepared for you to envision. you must check your proof rigorously and come corrections exploitation the online page provided. this is often the foremost economical thanks to send them to US. Please provide associate degree annotated PDF file exploitation the strikethrough, replacement text and insert text functions.
For alternative changes, please add a sticky note. Please guarantee all changes ar visible via the ‘Comments’ list within the annotated PDF so your corrections aren’t lost. or else, you’ll be able to provide an inventory of changes that clearly indicates wherever amendments ar needed.
Please don’t resupply a brand new supply file as a result of it’s troublesome to spot corrections and a few might be lost. the final word responsibility for guaranteeing the accuracy of the revealed article rests with you, the author. If you’re possible to be absent throughout the proof review amount then please allow us to grasp so we will contact your co-authors (if applicable) or extend the point in time consequently. within the unlikely event that we tend to don’t hear from you for a chronic amount, we tend to could publish the article while not your corrections.
When checking your proof, you must take explicit care to envision the arithmetic, tables and references. solely essential corrections ought to be created at this stage. you must give new files if figures want correction. you must check the accuracy of your original diagrams terribly rigorously before submission; we tend to cannot settle for responsibility for any errors in original diagrams.
Publication of your journal article, Once you’ve got sent your proof corrections, they’ll be applied in accordance with the journal vogue. The paper can then be revealed on-line as quickly as doable, usually inside a month of acceptance.
For journals that ar written, print publication might not happen for a few time reckoning on the frequency of the journal. you may be told by email once your paper is revealed on-line, and invited to produce feedback via a survey on the publication method. The revealed version of your article also will be on the market from your ‘My science’ account, permitting you to transfer the revealed PDF at any time (even if you are doing not have a subscription to the journal).
Purchasing reprints of a journal article, Reprints of a journal article is purchased directly from the article abstract page in science, via the ‘Buy this text in print’ link within the Article data section (circled in red within the screenshot). For orders in more than 300 copies
After publication of your article, Here we tend to describe what we tend to do, and what you’ll be able to do, to push and lift the visibility of your revealed article. we tend to additionally define the assorted choices and procedures for creating post-publication corrections.
Promoting your article when it’s revealed. Introduction, you may be told by email once your paper is revealed on-line. Publication ought to be the beginning of subsequent vital introduce human activity your research: promoting your paper. actuality price and impact of your paper is greatly increased by promotion. The a lot of people that browse, cite and like your analysis, the a lot of valuable your paper becomes and also the bigger your esteem as associate degree author. this is often a lot of vital than ever provided that the impact of analysis papers is more and more being scrutinized by funders and establishments.
As a learned-society publisher, we tend to ar committed to operating closely with you to confirm that your article reaches as wide associate degree audience as doable.
What we tend to do to assist increase the impact of your work, business enterprise undertakes variety of initiatives to push papers and create them wide on the market. We: Publicize selected papers as a part of (print and online) subject collections and annual journal highlights collections. Highlight significantly fascinating work exploitation social media (e.g. Twitter and Facebook). provide print media coverage to chose papers on our science news/community websites. promulgation significantly interesting papers.
Publish and promote authors’ video abstracts
Display the amount of downloads and citations every article receives, and additionally altmetrics like variety of tweets and journal entries, on the journal web site (on science). provide perpetual access to eprints freed from charge to corresponding authors from their My science page (an account can got to be created if you are doing not have already got one). this may change you to transfer the revealed PDF file. though we tend to try and promote as several articles as doable as wide as we will, you because the author ar typically the simplest placed to confirm your article is seen by the foremost relevant audience.

We raise you to submit written proof

We raise you to submit written proof
That all necessary permissions are obtained by providing the particular written permission granted by the copyright owner, or That permission isn’t needed, e.g. wherever the fabric is accessible below one in all the artistic Commons licences which permit industrial utilize and suits the aim that you wish to utilize the content.
We don’t get permissions on your behalf. it’s your responsibility because the author of the article to make sure that every one needed permissions are obtained in writing and any permission fee paid fully (if the copyright owner charges a fee for reuse).
May be a person to the memory Permissions tips (According information from “Cara submit jurnal internasional“).
This advantages you as a result of if you’re reusing content from another memory person publisher, you’re sometimes allowed to fritter away to 3 figures in associateother article revealed by an memory person publisher freed from charge (provided you’re not adapting/ changing the figure). If the memory person publisher has ticked the second column ‘Notification required’ within the list of person publishers then you want to still get permission however you must receive the permission for gratis. For additional info, please see the memory Permissions tips section.
Please check with this flow chart for a helpful orientate the way to get permission.
The main options of the copyright kind ar that:
1 Authors transfer the worldwide copyright in their article to or our commercial enterprise partner altogether formats and media (note that this is applicable to most of our hybrid journals).2 Authors grant a worldwide exclusive licence of the copyright in their article to or our commercial enterprise partner altogether formats and media (note that this is applicable to most of our pure gold open access journals only).3 Authors assert their ethical right to be known because the authors of the article.4 For subscription-only articles, grants back to authors sure rights; for details please see our Author Rights Policy. 5 Authors of gold open access articles can have constant rights as all third parties as kicked off within the relevant artistic Commons licence.
Presently publishes gold open access articles below the CC-BY licence. 6 Provision is formed for things wherever copyright isn’t in hand by the authors, for example an author’s leader, US Government staff or Crown copyright. 7 Provision is formed for multi-author articles, therein only 1 author ought to submit the copyright kind however he or she ought to have obtained the verbal agreement of all the opposite authors (and the other copyright owner) beforehand to its terms and submission of the shape.
As well as addressing matters of copyright, the copyright forms contain assertions that:
The article is that the original work of the authors.
The article has not been revealed antecedently, and isn’t presently into consideration for an additional journal.
Each of the authors has created a cloth contribution to the article.
All authors have received the ultimate version of the article, and have in agreement to that being submitted.
The content of the paper isn’t slanderous, unreal or associate infringement of third-party rights.
All needed permissions are obtained in writing.
For additional info on the copyright kind and the way to finish it, please scan the ‘Important information’ at the beginning of the journal copyright kind in your Author Centre.
Permissions for reproducing revealed material in your article
If your article makes use of any antecedently revealed material (including figures/diagrams, or short extracts, or content taken from websites) then you want to 1st get the written permission of the copyright owner. The copyright owner is sometimes the publisher (for material taken from journal or proceedings articles), web site owner/company (for material taken from websites) or the author or their leader (if the work is unpublished). Some publishers also can need that you simply look for the permission of the first author (you will have to be compelled to check the terms of the publisher’s permission).
Appealing against a rejection from our journals
You have the proper to attractiveness against a rejection from our journals. To lodge associate attractiveness you must contact the journal e-mail address, outlining your case for reconsideration. so as to be thought-about, appeals should directly address the explanations given for the initial rejection call. If referee reports were enclosed with the rejection letter, then these criticisms should be skillful within the attractiveness. Appeals that don’t address reviewers’ criticisms, or that dismiss them out of hand, won’t be thought-about.
Appeals ar then sent to a member of the journal’s Editorial Board for thought.
If successful , associate attractiveness will cause the article’s review being resumed. The article might ultimately be revealed following any revisions the Board feels ar necessary. However, if the attractiveness is rejected then the first rejection call is upheld and no additional thought of that article is feasible.
Please note, we tend to should receive your attractiveness inside four weeks of your rejection call, otherwise we tend to ar unable to contemplate it. Author surveys on journals, we tend to ar invariably searching for ways in which to boost our service to authors and that we supply a chance for you to finish a brief survey concerning your expertise of submitting to associate commercial enterprise journal. A link to the current survey is enclosed in each our acceptance and rejection letters. All of your feedback is incredibly valuable to USA, and that we would really like to many thanks beforehand for your facilitate.

How to Submit Your Revised Article?

How to submit your revised article
When submitting a revised article, we tend to need you to transfer the revised PDF file (deleting the initial version) and your latest set of the supply files wont to produce the revised PDF (typically Word or files). additionally, you may got to submit your point-by-point response to the referees and either an inventory of the changes created or a version of the manuscript with the changes highlighted. If you expertise any issues submitting your article on-line, please contact the journal for help. Please submit all revised submissions via the link within the e-mail you received informing you of the choice and asking you to create the revisions (According from “Cara publikasi jurnal internasional tesis“).
You will after be asked to complete and submit the net copyright kind, if you’ve got not done therefore already, and to produce written permissions if your article makes use of any antecedently printed material or material that you’re not the copyright owner.
What happens once you’ve got submitted your revised article?
Your revised article and response to the referees can ordinarily be sent back to 1 or a lot of of the referees (minor revisions could also be checked by our in-house staff). At this time, the referee(s) could suggest acceptance of your paper, or request additional revisions. If the referee(s) don’t seem to be happy with the changes created or area unit unable to report on the revised manuscript, we tend to could consult a writing member.
(Occasionally, if the referee(s) and Editorial Board don’t seem to be happy with the changes created to a manuscript, it’s going to still be rejected at this stage.) Once your article is deemed to be acceptable for publication, you may receive a ‘provisional acceptance’ letter. this can be followed by a ‘formal acceptance’ letter once we have received from you everything we want to proceed with publication of your article (including your supply files, completed copyright kind and any permissions if necessary).
What happens once you’ve got submitted your revised article?
Your revised article and response to the referees can ordinarily be sent back to 1 or a lot of of the referees (minor revisions could also be checked by our in-house staff). At this time, the referee(s) could suggest acceptance of your paper, or request additional revisions. If the referee(s) don’t seem to be happy with the changes created or area unit unable to report on the revised manuscript, we tend to could consult a writing member. (Occasionally, if the referee(s) and Editorial Board don’t seem to be happy with the changes created to a manuscript, it’s going to still be rejected at this stage.)
Once your article is deemed to be acceptable for publication, you may receive a ‘provisional acceptance’ letter. this can be followed by a ‘formal acceptance’ letter once we have received from you everything we want to proceed with publication of your article (including your supply files, completed copyright kind and any permissions if necessary).

Completing the copyright kind for your article
For most commercial enterprise  hybrid journals (journals which provide the selection of commercial enterprise on a subscription basis or on a gold open access basis), we tend to typically need you to transfer (assign) the copyright in your article to (or to the relevant commercial enterprise partner) before acceptance of the article. this can be typically the case whether or not you’ve got chosen to publish on a subscription-only or on a gold open access basis in our hybrid journals. However, please make sure you check the terms of the particular journal’s copyright kind, as this will vary in some journals.
For most pure-gold open access journals (journals that solely supply publication on a gold open access basis), we tend to typically need you to grant associate exclusive licence of the copyright in your article to or the relevant commercial enterprise partner before acceptance of the article. However, please make sure you check the terms of the particular journal’s copyright kind, as this will vary in some journals.
Following submission of your revised article, we’ll raise you to submit electronically the journal’s copyright kind via the Author Centre.  cannot kindally settle for your article for publication till your totally signed copyright form has been received, at the side of any needed permissions (see next section).
The transfer or licence of copyright in your article solely takes impact from the date on that the article is accepted for publication. If you withdraw your article, or if it’s not accepted, the transfer or licence doesn’t go.

Getting a Primary Call on Your Article

Getting a primary call on your article
Committed to obtaining a primary call to you as before long as potential. Here we have a tendency to describe the varied totally different choices you may receive. call varieties on journal articles, when your article has been reviewed, you may receive an email with a primary call on the article. Incorporates a vary of various choices you may receive and these ar printed below. you may see what every call sort is and what it means that for you and your article.
Provisional settle for, Following referee, your article has been provisionally accepted for publication.
However, before we will pass your article to our production department, our editorial team must check we’ve got everything needed to publish your article. they’re going to be in contact with you if something is missing.
Formal settle for, Our editorial team has created all the necessary checks and has everything required to publish your article. Your accepted article can currently be passed to our production department (Information from “Cara kirim paper ke jurnal“.
Minor revision, Your article incorporates a excellent probability of being accepted for publication, however the reviewers have requested minor amendments to be created. These changes will sometimes be created quite quickly and it’s unlikely we’ll ought to send your revised article back to the reviewers. we have a tendency to sometimes enable between one and fortnight for you to send your revised article back to U.S.A., however this could vary by journal.
Moderate revision, Your article incorporates a smart probability of being accepted, however needs extra changes to be created to satisfy our reviewers.
These changes sometimes need longer and it’s probably we’ll ought to send the revised article back to a minimum of one amongst the reviewers. we have a tendency to sometimes enable between 2 and 4 weeks for you to send your revised article back to U.S.A., however this could vary by journal.
Major revision, Your article incorporates a probability of being accepted, however the reviewers have requested substantial changes to be created. These changes ar expected to require considerably longer and that we can enable a extended point for you to submit.
The revised article are going to be sent back to the reviewers. we have a tendency to sometimes enable between four and eight weeks for you to send your revised article back to U.S.A., however this could vary by journal.
Rejected however could feed back, Your article has been rejected because it stands. The reviewers have requested terribly substantial changes that ar too vital to warrant a revision of the article in its current kind. However, the reviewers see potential in your article and that we can enable you to feed back it if you well rewrite it, as explained within the referee reports. it’ll then be treated as a replacement submission, with a replacement article ID, although it’ll sometimes be reviewed by a minimum of one amongst the first reviewers.
Reject: not in scope, Your article has been rejected. sadly, the content of your article isn’t inside the scope of the journal. If you’d prefer to see a duplicate of the journal scope, please visit the relevant journal homepage.
Reject: overlap, Your article has been rejected since we’ve got found that your article contains text that seems to possess been replicated from antecedently printed article(s). All manuscripts thought-about for publication in journals ought to report new analysis and contain substantial new results, and may not contain text directly traced from antecedently printed work. If you’d like additional data concerning our moral policy it’s accessible here.
Reject: unscientific , Your article has been rejected. customary} and presentation of any analysis printed in our journals should be of a high standard. Submissions ought to clearly demonstrate scientific rigour, intensive literature analysis and a careful assessment of the validity of any conclusions given within the manuscript. Your manuscript has been assessed and located to not meet all of those key publication criteria then we have a tendency to ar unable to contemplate it more.
Reject: poor English, Your article has been rejected.
Your manuscript can’t be thought-about in its current kind. All manuscripts submitted to U.S.A. should be written in clear English so readers (and reviewers) ar ready to perceive the that means of the article. we have a tendency to powerfully advise you to raise a native-English-speaking colleague to visualize your manuscript before submission. Additionally offers many English-language redaction services that you will need to use to assist you improve the language of your submission, together with facilitate with translation. you’ll notice additional details here.
If you opt to rewrite your manuscript to form its that means clear to the reviewers (many of whom don’t speak English as their initial language), we’ll be happy to rethink it.
Straight reject, Your article has been rejected. Articles should be of prime quality and high scientific interest, and be recognized as a vital contribution to the literature. Following review, it’s been found that your article doesn’t meet all of those criteria and may not be printed within the journal. A revised submission of this paper won’t be thought-about.
Reject and transfer, Your article has been rejected because the content isn’t acceptable for the journal to that it’s been submitted. However, we’ve got found another journal we predict it’s appropriate for, and that we can provide you with up to 10 days to either approve or decline the transfer to the current journal. If we have a {tendency to|we tend to} don’t hear from you when ten days, {we can|we’ll|we are going to} assume you are doing not conform to the transfer and that we will mechanically reject the transfer.