Objectives and Benefits of Local Wisdom Based Education
The purpose of local wisdom-based education is in accordance with the passages stipulated in the National Education System Law in Article, stating that national education functions to develop capabilities and shape the dignified character and civilization of the nation in the context of intellectual life of the nation. National education aims to develop the potential of students to become human beings who have faith and are devoted to God Almighty, have good character, are healthy, knowledgeable, capable, creative, independent, and become democratic and responsible citizens.
While the benefits of education based on local wisdom include:
(a) giving birth to competent and dignified generations, (b) reflecting cultural values, (c) participating in shaping the nation’s character, (d) contributing to creating national identity, and (e) contributing to preserving the nation’s culture (Pun Research).
In the world, local wisdom clearly has a positive meaning because wisdom is always interpreted as good or positive. The choice of words of local wisdom is realized or not is a strategy to build, create a better image of local knowledge, which is not always interpreted positively.
By using the term local wisdom, consciously or not people are then willing to appreciate traditional knowledge, local knowledge of ancestral heritage and then willing to struggle to understand it in order to obtain various wisdoms that exist in a community, which may be relevant to human life in the present and in the future which will come.
In every inch of human life there is always local wisdom. At the very least, wisdom can arise in:
(a) thinking, (b) attitudes, and (c) behavior. All three are almost difficult to separate. If all three are lame, then local wisdom is fading. In thought, there is often noble character, virtuous, but if mosik mobs, solah take it, it is not good to be considered unwise, especially if its actions are not commendable.
Broadly speaking, local wisdom consists of things that are invisible (intangible) and things that are invisible (tangible).
Invisible wisdom in the form of noble ideas to build oneself, prepare wiser lives, and noble character. On the other hand, wisdom in the form of physical and symbolic matters should be reinterpreted so that they can be easily implemented in life.
Judging from its type, local wisdom can be classified into five categories, namely food, medicine, production techniques, home industry, and clothing. This classification is certainly not appropriate because there are many other things that may be far more important. Therefore, local wisdom cannot be limited or compartmentalized.
The more complex categorization was stated by Sungri (Wagiran, 2010) which included agriculture, handicraft, herbal medicine, natural resource management and environment, trade, cultural arts, regional languages, philosophy, religion and culture as well as traditional food.
Suardiman (Wagiran, 2010) revealed that local wisdom is synonymous with human behavior related to: (1) God, (2) natural signs, (3) environment / agriculture, (4) building houses, (5) education, ( 6) marriage and birth ceremonies, (7) food, (8) human and character life cycles, (9) health, (10) natural disasters.
The scope of local wisdom can also be divided into eight, namely: (1) developed local norms, such as American behavior, taboos and obligations, (2) rituals and traditions of the community and the meaning behind them, (3) folk songs, legends, myths and folklore that usually contain lessons or messages that are only recognized by the local community, (4) data and knowledge information gathered in the community elders, traditional elders, spiritual leaders, (5) manuscripts or holy books that are it is believed to be true by the community, (6) the ways in which local communities meet their daily lives, (7) the materials used for certain needs, and (8) the condition of natural / environmental resources that are commonly utilized in everyday people’s livelihoods .
Within the cultural sphere, the physical dimensions of local wisdom include aspects: (1) traditional ceremonies, (2) cultural heritage, (3) natural tourism, (4) traditional transportation, (5) traditional games, (6) cultural infrastructure, (7) traditional clothing, (8) cultural heritage, (9) museums, (10) cultural institutions, (11) arts, (12) cultural villages, (13) arts and crafts, (14) folklore, (15) children’s dolanans, and (16) puppets. Another source of local wisdom can be american life cycle which includes: tingkeban ceremony, birth ceremony, marriage, and death.
Local wisdom can be explored from a certain area.
Within the scope of the world, for example, the study of local wisdom can be assessed from the philosophy of court cultural values which include: spatial planning, building architecture, symbol of vegetation, symbols and meanings of ceremonies and regalia, river, governance, concepts of power and leadership.
From the cultural side, it can be comprehensively examined from cultural values that include aspects of: (1) religio-spiritual, (2) morals, (3) society, (4) customs and traditions, (5) education and knowledge, (6) ) technology, (7) spatial and architectural arrangements, (8) livelihoods, (9) arts, (10) languages, (11) cultural heritage objects and cultural heritage areas, (12) leadership and government, (13) struggles and nationality, and (14) american spirit.
The fourteen aspects can be further elaborated in detail into items of value. Various kinds of local wisdom are the potential for developing local wisdom-based education. That is why the world of education needs to immediately design, determine the most appropriate model for seeding local wisdom. Local wisdom can be a mouthpiece for character education that is humane.
Objectives and Benefits of Local Wisdom Based Education