Local Wisdom Based Education
Education is a deliberate and planned effort to foster the development and potential of an individual’s ability to benefit his life interests both as individuals and in community members. We learn to know what is in this world for individual or universal progress. Learn to give, learn to accept, learn to be patient, learn to respect, and learn to respect. Education can improve human resources as an educational subject.
One decentralization of education is curriculum decentralization. The Ministry of Education and Culture only determines the minimum standards that must be met by the education unit at the regional level (Pan Education).
The minimum standards are in the form of graduate competency standards, content standards, evaluation standards, and facilities and infrastructure standards. Further development of these standards was left to their respective regions. With the decentralization of the policy, the regions can develop their regional potential according to local conditions and conditions. One policy that can be developed is to create a school curriculum based on local excellence or local wisdom.
Local wisdom is part of the culture of a society that cannot be separated from the language of the community itself. Local wisdom (local wisdom) is usually passed down from generation to generation through word of mouth. Local wisdom is in folklore, proverbs, songs, and folk games.
Local wisdom as a knowledge found by certain local communities through a collection of experiences in trying and integrated with an understanding of the culture and natural conditions of a place (Padmanugraha, 2010: 12).
Each region has the advantage of potential areas that need to be developed even better. The advantages of each region vary greatly. With the diversity of the potentials of this region it needs special attention for local governments so that children are no strangers to their own regions and understand correctly about the potentials and values and culture of their own areas in accordance with the guidance of the global economy.
In the midst of the vortex of the influence of global hegemony, the phenomenon that has also made educational institutions seem to lose space. In addition it also makes students’ understanding of the depletion of local history and cultural traditions that exist in society. Therefore, it would be better if we strive for ways that we can preserve the diversity of cultures that we have and we preserve together. With education based on local wisdom, we can be optimistic that education will be able to give meaning to the lives of people.
This means that education will then be able to become a spirit that can color the dynamics of people going forward.
Our national education must be able to shape people of high integrity and character so that they can produce great and dignified children of the nation in accordance with the spirit of education, which is to humanize humans. When we see from its understanding, local wisdom and local excellence have a relationship, namely local wisdom is a human policy in developing local excellence that relies on traditionally institutionalized values, ethics, ways and behaviors.
Local wisdom (local wisdom) can be understood as local ideas that are wise, full of wisdom and good value embedded in the community and followed by the community. Local wisdom is a conceptual idea found in people’s lives and continues to grow and develop in a community awareness that serves to regulate the life of the community. Local wisdom usually develops in the community through oral traditions such as the language song found in the world.
The hallmark of local wisdom itself is being able to withstand external or new cultures and have the ability to accommodate foreign cultural elements.
National identity is one form of national character development, identity has the meaning of a nature, character, reason, sense, intention, will, enthusiasm, strength contained in human souls as a result of the process of learning about broad and emerging cultural values in behavior or action.
So the national self, especially, has a characteristic that is certainly able to distinguish it from other national identities. However, as the social changes of the nation’s identity, which was originally typical, gradually fade. The distinctive identity possessed by the people for many years includes religious, humanist, naturalist, open, democratic, nationalist, patriotic, and fair, professional, cultural-minded, artistic-minded, and others.
But along with the development of these uniqueness increasingly faded. How to overcome the fading of national identity, among others, by strengthening ideology and nationalism through various activities such as flag ceremonies, development of science and technology advances with faith, preventing the spread of drugs, alcohol and so on, loving domestic products, and finally by preserving and preserving values and norms in society begin early on through multicultural education.
Local Wisdom Based Education